The Creation of “Amazing Grace” | Library of Congress

The Creation of “Amazing Grace”


[John Newton] (Mezzotint by Leney after Russell, n.d.). Prints and Photographs Reading Room, Library of Congress.

Arguably the best-known Christian hymn is “Amazing Grace.” Its text, a poem penned in 1772 by John Newton, describes the joy and peace of a soul uplifted from despair to salvation through the gift of grace. Newton’s words are also a vivid autobiographical commentary on how he was spared from both physical and spiritual ruin. It relates the happy ending of the tale of a defiant man who manages again and again to escape danger, disease, abuse, and death, only to revert to “struggles between sin and conscience.” [ 1 ]

Newton was born in 1725 in Wapping, a London suburb that thrived on shipping and sea trade. His father, a merchant ship captain, was often away on sea voyages that typically lasted two to three years. During one of these absences, Newton’s mother succumbed to tuberculosis, leaving him in the temporary care of her friends, the Catlett family in Kent. His father remarried and Newton was placed in boarding school. He stayed in close contact with the Catletts, however, primarily because of their daughter, Mary, whom he eventually wed. Mary was the cornerstone of Newton’s existence. No matter what befell him, his goal always was to return to her.

In spite of the powerful message of “Amazing Grace,” Newton’s religious beliefs initially lacked conviction. Raised far afield of the prevailing Anglican traditions, Newton’s youth was marked by religious confusion and, as he later confirmed, a lack of moral self-control and discipline. His father was educated as a Catholic by Jesuits in Spain and his mother was a so-called Nonconformist Christian who rejected the liturgy-based worship of the Church of England.

Nevertheless, Newton’s life, rife with the “dangers, toils and snares” at which his text hints, repeatedly brought him face-to-face with the notion that he had been miraculously spared. On one occasion, he was thrown from a horse, narrowly missing impalement on a row of sharp stakes. Another time, he arrived too late to board a tender that was carrying his companions to tour a warship; as he watched from the shore, the vessel overturned, drowning all its passengers. Years later, on a hunting expedition in Africa on a moonless night, he and his companions got lost in a swamp. Just when they had resigned themselves to death, the moon appeared and they were able to return to safety. Such near-death were commonplace in Newton’s life.

Yet no matter how many times he was rescued, Newton relapsed into his old habits, continuing to defy his religious destiny and attempting to dissuade others from their beliefs. Of all of the sins to which he later confessed, his habit of chipping away at the faith of others remained heaviest on his heart.

In 1744 Newton was press-ganged–taken by force into service in the Royal Navy. He was disgraced, relieved of his post, and traded for another man from a passing merchant ship, a slave vessel.

Beginning his career in slave trading, Newton soon became tempted by its profits. Merchants believed that trafficking in human trade was justified since slavery was permitted in the Bible as long as slaves were treated with dignity and kindness. [ 2 ] That Newton engaged in the slave trade in such a manner was demonstrated by the willingness of slaves to secretly carry his letters to port to send to Mary.

Despite a promising start with a slaver off the coast of Sierra Leone, Newton once again found himself in tough straits. Felled by malaria, he was at the mercy of the slaver’s native mistress, whose abuse reduced him to the condition of the “wretch” he later described in “Amazing Grace.” He recovered, however, but was soon to face another trial during which he was strengthened and inspired by Thomas à Kempis’ Imitation of Christ.

Newton was aboard ship one night when a violent storm broke out. Moments after he left the deck, the crewman who had taken his place was swept overboard. Although he manned the vessel for the remainder of the tempest, he later commented that, throughout the tumult, he realized his helplessness and concluded that only the grace of God could save him. Prodded by what he had read in Kempis, Newton took the first–albeit small–step toward accepting religion. In the words of his hymn, this incident marked “the hour I first believed.”

Upon his safe return home in the late 1740s, Newton immediately wrote to the Catlett family to plead his case for Mary’s hand, although he could offer her no financial security. When Mary herself replied that she would consider his suit, he returned to slaving to better his fortunes, this time on a ship full of slaves bound across the Atlantic to Charleston, South Carolina.

Newton wed Mary Cartlett in 1750. A changed man, he accepted the helm of a ship bound for Africa. This time, he encouraged the sailors under his charge to prayer rather than taunt them for their beliefs.

He also began to ensure that every member of his crew treated their human cargo with gentleness and concern. However, it would be another 40 years until Newton openly challenged the trafficking of slaves.

Some three years after his marriage, Newton suffered a stroke that prevented him from returning to sea; in time, he interpreted this as another step in his spiritual voyage. He assumed a post in the Customs Office in the port of Liverpool and began to explore Christianity more fully. As Newton attempted to experience all the various expressions of Christianity, it became clear that he was being called to the ministry.

Since Newton lacked a university degree, he could not be ordained through normal channels. However, the landlord of the parish at Olney was so impressed with the letters Newton had written about his conversion that he offered the church to Newton; he was ordained in June 1764.

In Olney, the new curate met the poet William Cowper, also a newly-born Christian. Their friendship led to a spiritual collaboration that completed the inspiration for “Amazing Grace,” the poem Newton most likely penned around Christmas of 1772. Some 60 years later in America, the text was set to the hymn tune, “New Britain,” to which it has been sung ever since.

The Former Slaver against Slavery

Image: Wilbur WilberforceEven though many of England’s great shipping cities prospered from the slave trade, social critics began to speak out against the practice by the mid-18th century. By the 1780s, the powerful voice of William Wilberforce (pictured to the right) was added to this chorus.

Wilberforce, a Member of Parliament, was the nephew of one of Newton’s London friends. Inspired by the former slave trader, and paralleling Newton’s own conversion, Wilberforce began to question his role in life. Although Newton, then a lowly Olney curate, was convinced that Wilberforce was just another wealthy politician, he persuaded him to crusade for change and use his station in life and his powerful friends (including Prime Minister Pitt) to seek reform. One of the chief topics for such advocacy was abolition. In fact, Wilberforce wrote in his journal on October 28, 1787, that one of the two goals that had been set before him was “the suppression of the Slave Trade.”

Newton joined in the fight for the abolition of slavery by publishing the essay “Thoughts upon the African Slave Trade.” Because Christians still felt that slavery was justified in the Bible, Newton and Wilberforce wisely avoided building their protests on a religious platform. Instead, they condemned the practice as an inhumane treatment of their fellow men and women. Newton, speaking strongly from his own experiences, also proposed that the captors were in turn brutalized by their callous treatment of others and cited offences including torture, rape, and murder. Newton’s friend, the poet William Cowper, joined their fight by writing pro-abolition poems and ballads.

In 1789 Wilberforce introduced a “Bill for the Abolition of Slavery” in Parliament. The bill faced opposition in both Houses, but the forces against enactment became weaker each time it came up for a vote. The bill finally was passed by the House of Commons in 1804 and by the House of Lords in 1807 after which King George III declared it law.

There is no direct link between “Amazing Grace” and the abolition of slavery in Britain. Nonetheless, the hymn was written by a man who was moved to speak out against something from which he had once profited. In an essay Newton said: “I hope it will always be a subject of humiliating reflection to me . . . that I was once an active instrument in a business at which my heart now shudders.” Thus, it seems fitting that his hymn has become for so many–including those fighting for Civil Rights–an anthem against all forms of social injustice.


1. Information for this essay was drawn in great part from Steve Turner’s book “Amazing Grace: The Story of America’s Most Beloved Song” (New York: HarperCollins, 2002). We are grateful to the author for allowing us to quote his book liberally.

2. As Turner notes, the Quakers and Anabaptists were the only Christians to speak out against slavery (p. 50).

Source: The Creation of “Amazing Grace” | Library of Congress

Borepatch: A Fall Interlude – A Brigid Guest Post

It is my distinct pleasure to introduce you to a woman who is what every feminist woman SHOULD aspire to be.  Brigid is an accomplished woman who when you read her background, read her writing, admire her photography, you can get a sense of a person of good character and high standards who has struck out on her own, set her own goals, and worked hard to accomplish them.

Brigid is a beautiful person and I have only known her over the internet and through her blog.  She used to have one called Mausers & Muffins but apparently, for reasons largely unknown to me, she had to shut it down as she was attacked and/or threatened by those who do not like her beliefs or her politics.  Now she posts as a guest at Borepatch.  I invite you to sample this post below and get a sense of the heart and beauty this woman captures via word and picture.  Truly her words are word pictures.  And her photography is pretty damn good also.  And of course, she is mechanically inclined, loves guns, has served in the military and likes good food!  And as any good woman of this variety, she is taken.  But so am I.  Just informing, that’s all. – Mongoose

Thursday, September 14, 2017

A Fall Interlude – A Brigid Guest Post

Music has always been a part of my life and that of some of my best friends. For me, piano lessons from age 6, clarinet, band, orchestra, a youth symphony. As an adult, I traded in the clarinet on a violin. But I had no great talent, no real ear. I sang the end of each verse of CCR’s Bad Moon Rising for weeks as “Bathroom on the Right” before someone clued me in. Still, I love music even as my interests (and definitely my talents) lay elsewhere. Partner in Grime is something else. He was playing in an orchestra in Austria at 18 and gets asked to play for weddings all over. Me, they ask me to show up and spike the punch.

But I still dabble a bit, a keyboard in my living room, a guitar often nearby, a violin in the corner. My friends play much better and sometimes they get asked to play in public, sometimes for pay. (People often offer money for me NOT to play though I’ve not let it stop me).

For you see, my friends will show up with their instruments and say. “This is what I learned to play this week!”


And I reply- “Great, this is what I learned.”

theme from (1)

But, an invite to play at an outdoor event was extended. My partner in squirrel adventure, M., prepared his guitar. It would be fun. A Fall Festival., it was called. M. said to not get too excited, he plays at many such things, it’s not too hard. He reminded me of that River Dance episode on Roberta X’s hardwood floor (two pints of IPA and 12 years of tap dancing lessons just don’t mix). I promised to behave myself.


And so the day began, instruments were tuned, music prepared.

It would be fun. . . Well, that was the plan anyway.

Arrived for the Fairy Garden festival at the nursery.

Garden at a nursery means greenhouse right? Wrong.

Carried equipment 100 yards to the greenhouse…

No AC…and it’s almost vacant.

Sound of crickets.

Someone approaches: “Hello – you need to be in the Fairy Garden”.

400 yards away in the other direction and outside.

Outside temp: 80 and climbing. Wind: Steady at 20-25 mph.

Carry equipment 400 yards. Remember why groupies are all really young.

First awareness of what the Fairy Garden is: Mothers and little girls wearing long dresses with wings and garlands in their hair. Face painting.


Uh OH….Place to play: On top of a wagon.

Fully exposed to the wind.

Did I mention it’s a wagon?

Folding metal chairs. I don’t know anyone over the age of 21 who can take a metal folding chair for more than an hour!

Move chair to the ground and behind a tree to shelter from the wind. The ground is very soft, a lot of rain from recent storms.

Sit on a chair which has a metal seat that’s been in the sun for hours and is now the temperature of a toaster oven set on pizza.

Yow! Wave at the people. Just part of the act.

Set up. Amp for guitar unloaded… power. Request power: they run 400 feet of extension cord out.

Try to hold onto the music. A fairy just blew past.

Time to play. Are you ready? Right foot on a foot stool, left food on the leg of the music stand so it doesn’t blow away.

The delicate melodies begin. Little girls in fairy dress with face paint standing 3 feet away staring like the ghostly twins in the hall in The Shining.

Something is moving… either the chair is sinking or UFO’s are beaming up the music stand.

Well, it makes it easier to see the amp anyway.

The amp! Black ants are crawling all over the amp.

Ants now on feet. Open toed sandals. Try and avoid Riverdance II.

Halfway through the second song, they’re crawling on the sheet music. Is that a note or a really giant ant? Oh crap, they’re crawling up my leg to set up base camp!

Focus, focus, adjust to the temp, the wind, the ants crawling across the sheet music, the close proximity of staring people. “Hello, Danny. Come play with us”

Yes, time to play.

Solfeggiotto. All together now. Beautiful, everything is perfect. Perfect harmony

50 Harley’s go by on the road about 150 feet away.

The crowd applauds, the little girls finally smile.

Maybe this is why we love music, as I love flying. Music induces in me a sense of the infinite and the contemplation of that which is unseen. Music and flying are both wonderful or can be. The same visceral connection between the soul and what elevates it to the heavens. Both strike in some people the same chord, the same spark that is embedded in some hearts. Something that, in certain individuals, is simply part of our most basic and natural inability to live with the gravity of silence

Now, I wonder if the face painters can paint a face half orange and half dark Navy blue. Go Bears!

Posted by Brigid at 9/14/2017

Source: Borepatch: A Fall Interlude – A Brigid Guest Post

Remembering Bruddah Iz: 20 Years After his Death, Israel Kamakawiwo‘ole Still Melts Hearts and Inspires – Ukulele

The music of Bruddah Iz is magic.  I remember recently being in a bit of a funk and when I heard this tune, “Somewhere Over the Rainbow,” I instantaneously calmed and focused on the soothing voice and sounds of Iz and his music.  Maybe you don’t know him by name but I bet you know his sounds.  This is tribute to a man who used his gifts to bring peace to the world, one song, one person at a time.  He may not have been a “high IQ” which so many people seem to admire these days, but he was truly a genius in our midst, if only we would take the time to listen.  – Mongoose

Remembering Bruddah Iz: 20 Years After his Death, Israel Kamakawiwo‘ole Still Melts Hearts and Inspires

JULY 24, 2017


Can it really be 20 years since that late-June day in 1997 when Israel Kamakawiwo‘ole—known to many as Bruddah Iz, or simply Iz—passed away at the too-young age of 38? At the public memorial celebration two weeks later, more than 10,000 mourners descended on the capitol building in Honolulu and, as a writer for the local Star-Bulletin newspaper wrote, “stood for hours in their slippers [flip-flops] in a shoulder-locked crowd for a pass-by glimpse of the body of the gentle giant in a koa casket beneath a 50-foot Hawaiian flag . . . . People of all ages, Hawaiians and their friends of all ethnic groups, paid tribute to the entertainer whom they felt they knew and whose songs played in their hearts.”

Especially that song. Fair or not, Iz will always be most remembered for his voice-and-Martin tenor ukulele medley of two great American standards: “Somewhere Over the Rainbow” and “What a Wonderful World.” It’s an intimate, beautiful, and quietly moving performance, a soulful musical embrace that has become a modern anthem, touching millions of people far and wide, most outside of Hawaiian music circles. And is there a uke player out there who hasn’t tried it (if only at home in private)—been entranced by the gently insistent rhythmic strumming and maybe even mimicked Iz’s alternately breathy and soaring high tenor voice?


That track, recorded in 1988 but tucked near the end of Iz’s 1993 album Facing Future, is the best-selling piece of Hawaiian music of all time. Not only did it propel that disc to become the first Hawaiian album to eclipse one million in sales, the song has been a bona fide hit in several countries, appeared in numerous TV and film soundtracks as well as in commercials, and sold well over two million downloads.

Its success is all the more remarkable because of the circumstances of its recording: It was a single live take in the wee hours of the morning at Honolulu’s Audio Resources recording studio. As the engineer, Milan Bertosa, explained to me in a 2011 interview, “I’d just finished this hellish session with a girl group, recording one syllable at a time for hours, and I’m wrapping cables when the phone rings. It’s 3:30 in the morning and all I want to do is go home, but there’s this jacked-up client who I’ve been doing some work with saying, ‘I’m at this club called Sparky’s with this guy named Israel Kaloka-loka-loka-loka-loka’—I had no idea what the name was—‘and he wants to come and do a demo right now.’ I’m like, ‘I’d be happy to record him; call me tomorrow.’ He says, ‘No, no!’ and then he puts Iz on the phone, and he’s got this soft voice and he’s really polite and really sweet, kind of the embodiment of what a nice Hawaiian person is like. I finally say, ‘Okay, you’ve got 15 minutes to get here. When you get here, you’ve got a half-hour and then it’ll be 4:30 and I’m done.’

“So he shows up—biggest human being I’ve ever met. And we record the songs ‘Somewhere Over the Rainbow’ and ‘What a Wonderful World,’ just Iz and his uke, two mics, one take. Beautiful. The other song he recorded that night was called ‘White Sandy Beach’ and he overdubbed another uke, so that was three tracks . . . . After those 15 minutes I was thinking, ‘This is what I’m supposed to be doing for a living; not that other stuff, one syllable at a time.’”I suppose in the world at large, Iz could be known as a “one-hit wonder,” but Hawaiians know better. And uke players, wherever they’re from, know better. Bruddah Iz packed a lot of great music into a career that spanned more than a quarter-century.

Born on May 20, 1959, Iz grew up in the modest Kaimuki neighborhood of Honolulu, near Diamond Head State Monument. His parents both loved music and sang in church and at backyard parties, and Iz recalled first plinking on a uke when he was around six, though it would be a few more years before he started playing more seriously, with his older brother Henry, who went by the name “Skippy.” The two of them were occasionally hired to play music on catamarans for tourists. Near the dawn of the ’70s, both of Iz’s parents landed (non-musical) jobs at a popular Waikiki music spot called Steamboats. This exposed the Kamakawiwo‘ole brothers—both obsessed with music—to many of the top Hawaiian musicians of the day, including the first wave of musicians who had spearheaded a folk music renaissance by uncovering and rearranging old, forgotten Hawaiian songs (mele), and also composing new tunes in the old style, in Hawaiian.

As Moe Keale—the brothers’ uncle, and by 1969 a member of uke legend Eddie Kamae’s ground-breaking Sons of Hawaii group—noted of this period in Rick Carroll’s definitive biography Iz: Voice of the People: “[Israel] got to meet everybody, the Sons, spend time with Gabby [Pahinui, the Sons’ main singer and guitarist] and all those guys. Eddie and Sonny Chillingworth. They all encouraged him. Absolutely. They used to come down to Steamboats and play, and call Israel up onstage. So he’s standing on the side with his ukulele and he just goes and plays with them… It wasn’t for money; he was just having fun, but the guys, they were giving him money—30, 40 bucks a night to come play.”

In 1973, when Iz was 14, the Kamakawiwo‘ole family moved to the sleepy but picturesque town of Makaha, on Oahu’s western Wai‘anae coast, 35 miles from Honolulu but seemingly a universe away for a teenager who loved the bright lights and exciting music scene of the state capital but had no wheels. Though he was initially resistant to the move, he soon came to love Makaha and its more relaxed vibe. Within a year, Iz encountered a fellow who would have profound impact on his life: Jerome Koko. Both had cut school one day (Jerome at Leeward Community College, Iz at high school) and brought their ukes down to Makaha Beach, where they “talked story” and played their ukes together. One thing led to another and within a few months the two had drafted Skippy and one of Jerome’s other musician friends, Louis “Moon” Kauakahi, along with a few others, to participate in acoustic jam sessions. They mostly played the new-style traditional music that was popularized by the Sons of Hawaii and the Sunday Manoa, whose 1974 album Guava Jam (which featured the Brothers Cazimero) is frequently cited as a turning point in the Hawaiian Music Renaissance.

By 1975, the main foursome and their pakini (washtub) bassist friend Sam Gray had formed the neo-traditional group Makaha Sons of Ni‘ihau. The group named itself after a small island off the southwestern coast of Kauai populated almost entirely by native Hawaiians who eschew modern conveniences to live a more traditional lifestyle; Iz and Skippy’s mother and her father were both born there, and the kids visited often during summers in their childhood. Skippy, who played guitar, was the clear leader of the Makaha Sons in that era; Jerome played 12-string; Iz, baritone uke; Moon, tenor uke; Sam, washtub bass. It didn’t take the group long to garner a decent following and by April 1976 they’d cut their first album, No Kristo.

The early Makaha Sons were very heavily influenced by the Sons of Hawaii (even playing many songs from their repertoire), but as time went on they increasingly developed their own sound and songs. Their angelic vocal blend was rich and powerful, as was their two-ukulele attack. Eddie Kamae was certainly an influence on both Iz and Moon; Kamae affected everyone who came up in that era.

The Makaha Sons recorded a few locally popular albums in the mid- and late ’70s and they worked a lot, even as personnel changes started to affect the lineup. Unlike the more traditionalist Sons of Hawaii, the Makaha Sons increasingly ventured outside the classic style and themes. Iz and Skippy, in particular, felt a strong kinship with the nationalist Hawaiian sovereignty movement that gained momentum all through the 1970s (and beyond), and they brought in a protest song written by Mickey Ioane called “Hawaii ’78” that decried the destruction of the state’s natural beauty. Nor were they musical purists. On one of their albums, they included prominent keyboard synthesizer (which sounds cheesy and dated today) and they occasionally dipped into the “Jawaiian” (reggae) bag and other styles. Iz even wrote a song called “Pakalolo” in tribute to Hawaiian marijuana (one of many vices he enjoyed to excess).

The first era of the Makaha Sons came to a shocking end in the fall of 1982 when Skippy died of a heart attack at the age of 28. Skippy had long been dangerously obese—as was Iz, of course—and eventually his heart just gave out. Suddenly leaderless, the remaining members took some time off but eventually regrouped, with Moon Kauakahi taking on the leader role, Iz becoming more prominent, and former member Jerome Koko and his bass-playing brother John filling out a quartet. The “new” group proved to be even more commercially successful than the old one, perhaps because they were consciously more eclectic, and their first two albums, in 1985 and 1987, both won multiple Na Hoku Hanohano music awards (the “Hoku” is like a Hawaiian music Grammy). In 1992 and 1993, they also won Hokus for Group of the Year.

In 1990, while still a member of the group, Iz recorded his first solo album, the eclectic Ka‘ano‘i, which ran the gamut from a badly over-produced version of the Jackson 5’s “I’ll Be There” to the lilting, uke-driven traditional sound of “Ka Na‘i Aupuni.” It also contained Iz’s original version of “Somewhere Over the Rainbow/What a Wonderful World,” which was not nearly as effective with so much instrumentation. That album, too, won a Hoku and helped establish Iz as an artist apart from the Makaha Sons. In 1993, Iz, citing alleged financial impropriety by the group’s managers (which was ultimately not supported by an inquiry), quit the band and embarked in earnest on his solo career. The Makaha Sons dropped “Ni‘ihau” from their name—Iz and Skippy had been the group’s link to that island—and carried on as a trio (Moon and the Koko brothers), recording several more successful albums and remaining one of the top traditionally oriented groups in Hawaii. John Koko died in 2012.

Iz released three more albums in his lifetime, each reflecting his broad taste in music. Facing Future, besides including the stripped-down “Rainbow/Wonderful World,” also featured a new version of “Hawaii ’78,” and another radio hit in Iz’s catchy Jawaiian reworking of John Denver’s “Take Me Home, Country Road” (via Toots Hibbert’s reggae arrangement). E Ala E (1995) contained more traditional Hawaiian songs, albeit most of them more extravagantly produced than previous versions. N Dis Life (1996) had a nice selection of more traditional fare (including a crystalline version of the old Gabby Pahinui number “Hi‘ilawe”), but also some of the most egregiously overwrought reggae that Iz ever recorded.

Olivia Wise Illustration

Iz’s producer (and closest associate) during the last few years of his life was Jon de Mello, who was, alas, never shy about layering instruments and adding heaps of reverb on Iz’s tracks. But even at the music’s most excessive moments, Iz’s unearthly voice and uplifting and beautifully articulated ukulele are usually able to shine through. And credit de Mello with this: The albums he produced showcase Iz’s ukulele skills more than the Makaha Sons’ records did. But if you’re a fan of the pure, adorned Hawaiian Renaissance folk sound, the sonics on Iz’s solo albums may come as a shock. (I should note, however, that most Hawaiians didn’t appear to have any concerns about the production or song choices: Every one of his solo albums was a great popular success.)

Sadly, the final chapter of the Israel Kamakawiwo‘ole saga is not a happy one. Obese since his teenage years, Iz simply could not control his weight, and by the mid-1990s he weighed over 700 pounds. Health issues caused him to miss gigs with the Makaha Sons (and probably contributed to their breakup), and later, travel became nearly impossible for Iz. Then simple movements even became difficult—though until quite late he never lost that ability to sing and play uke. Finally, a lifetime of overeating, no exercise, and a lifestyle that for many years included hard drugs, caught up with him and, morbidly obese, he died at Queen’s Medical Center in Honolulu, his heart, lungs, and kidneys all contributing to his death.

Rick Carroll writes in Iz: Voice of the People: “All over the Hawaiian Islands people stopped. Some wept openly in public. (Years later people remembered what they were doing and where they were when they heard the news.) Others said prayers. Nobody wanted to believe Israel was gone, his sweet voice stilled. Then something eerie and spontaneous happened: local radio stations began playing Israel’s songs, not one or two, but all his songs, over and over, as if by playing his songs nonstop they could assure his voice would never be silenced.”

The past 20 years of posthumous releases and tributes show that his legacy will continue to grow, and that his voice and his ukulele will always be drifting on a breeze somewhere in this world.

Source: Remembering Bruddah Iz: 20 Years After his Death, Israel Kamakawiwo‘ole Still Melts Hearts and Inspires – Ukulele

North Korea says Trump speech is ‘a dog’s bark’ – BBC News

North Korea says Trump speech is ‘a dog’s bark’
7 hours ago

This undated picture released from North Korea’s official Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) on September 21, 2017 shows North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un visiting a fruit farm at Kwail County, South Hwanghae Province.Image copyrightAFP/GETTY IMAGES

Mr Trump has taken to calling Kim Jong-un “rocket man”

North Korea’s top diplomat has called US President Donald Trump’s speech to the UN “the sound of a barking dog”.  Speaking to the UN General Assembly on Tuesday, Mr Trump said he would “totally destroy” North Korea if it posed a threat to the US or its allies.
Foreign Minister Ri Yong-ho’s comments were North Korea’s first official response to the speech.  The North has continued to develop its nuclear and weapons programmes, in defiance of a UN ban.

  • North Korea crisis in 300 words
  • Can the world live with a nuclear North Korea?
  • Sanctions won’t stop us, warns N Korea

Mr Ri told reporters near the UN headquarters in New York: “There is a saying that goes: ‘Even when dogs bark, the parade goes on’.”

“If [Trump] was thinking about surprising us with the sound of a barking dog then he is clearly dreaming.”

Speaking about North Korean leader Kim Jong-un, Mr Trump had told the UN: “Rocket man is on a suicide mission for himself and his regime.”

When asked what he thought of Mr Trump calling Mr Kim “rocket man”, Mr Ri responded: “I feel sorry for his aides.”

Media captionTrump: ‘Rocket Man’s suicide mission’

Mr Ri is set to make a speech to the UN on Friday.

Separately, on Thursday South Korea said it would send fresh humanitarian aid to the North for the first time in nearly two years.  The unification ministry in Seoul plans to provide $8m (£6m) through UN programmes aimed at children, pregnant women and improving medical supplies.  The decision comes days after the UN approved new sanctions against Pyongyang, restricting oil imports and banning textile exports – an attempt to starve the North of fuel and income for its weapons programmes.  The UN sanctions came in response to the North’s latest nuclear test on 3 September.

Experts say North Korea has made surprisingly quick progress in its development of long-range missiles and nuclear weapons.

Source: North Korea says Trump speech is ‘a dog’s bark’ – BBC News

I think they forget what a dog bark sounds like. As far as I know, all the dogs in N. Korea were eaten decades ago, weren’t they? – Mongoose

ignorance – Dictionary Definition :


If you didn’t do any of the reading or homework for your Russian history class, you are probably hoping the teacher won’t call on you, so you can hide your ignorance, or lack of knowledge.

serveimage (18)

The noun ignorance is not a synonym for “stupidity,” since its meaning is closer to “being uninformed” than “being unintelligent.” Ignorance implies that a person or group needs to be educated on a particular subject. You might have heard the phrase “ignorance is bliss,” which means that sometimes it’s easier when you don’t know the whole truth about something and can be blissfully happy, unaware of unpleasant realities.

Source: ignorance – Dictionary Definition :

Transcript of President Donald Trump Speech To U.N. General Assembly… | The Last Refuge

Evaluation-Form-Examples Wow!  What a speech!  It has been a long time since the U.S. had a leader who wore some steel tipped shoes and came to kick ass and take names.

Don’t get me wrong.  I am not a war hawk.  Given the abuses our politicians have done in the past recent decades with war and the MIC, Military Industrial Complex, so much has been wasted and the country keeps getting nothing but lies and more lies on top of lies to further other lies.

But …

There comes  a time when a critical mass of problems requires action.  I find it astounding that Pres. Trump has taken on such breadth and depth of issues around the world and at home.  I think he is finding better reception to his ideas and concerns from other world leaders, i.e. those not part of the EU Globalist set, who are interested in keeping their heads above water and making some kind of progress for their people.

But when you consider the Globalist push for a one world government, breaking down of nation states, empowering communist regimes like China, Russia, N. Korea, and Islamic tyrants like Iran and Turkey, you get the picture that quick, bold, assertive action has been taken to put bad actors on notice that their “free range” days as allowed by the past U.S. administrations and weak “one-trick pony” EU leaders are over.

I found this speech to be significant and historic in the sense that it clearly pulled the tent around members of the UN, encouraged them to act strongly firstly and foremost for their own people instead of being co-opted by the EU elites into global governance, and work with the U.S. to fight the evil going on around the world.  He named names.  And he gave clear warnings.  These people should take heed.  Therein lies the common goal and the common enemy.  There is strength in numbers and the U.S. cannot do it all alone.

Fighting wars to plant democracy in foreign lands is one problem.  But sitting back and letting evil players who want to subjugate the rest of the world to ways that take away freedoms and replace them with tyranny and suffering is not the way to handle a danger.  You don’t protect your family by giving refuge to rattle snakes and let them create a snake den under your home where danger not only lurks but trouble is inevitable. – Mongoose

Transcript of President Donald Trump Speech To U.N. General Assembly…
Posted on September 19, 2017 by sundance
[…] The United States of America has been among the greatest forces for good in the history of the world, and the greatest defenders of sovereignty, security, and prosperity for all.

Now we are calling for a great reawakening of nations, for the revival of their spirits, their pride, their people, and their patriotism. ~ U.S. President Donald J Trump


PRESIDENT TRUMP: Mr. Secretary General, Mr. President, world leaders, and distinguished delegates: Welcome to New York. It is a profound honor to stand here in my home city, as a representative of the American people, to address the people of the world.

As millions of our citizens continue to suffer the effects of the devastating hurricanes that have struck our country, I want to begin by expressing my appreciation to every leader in this room who has offered assistance and aid. The American people are strong and resilient, and they will emerge from these hardships more determined than ever before.

Fortunately, the United States has done very well since Election Day last November 8th. The stock market is at an all-time high — a record. Unemployment is at its lowest level in 16 years, and because of our regulatory and other reforms, we have more people working in the United States today than ever before. Companies are moving back, creating job growth the likes of which our country has not seen in a very long time. And it has just been announced that we will be spending almost $700 billion on our military and defense.

Our military will soon be the strongest it has ever been. For more than 70 years, in times of war and peace, the leaders of nations, movements, and religions have stood before this assembly. Like them, I intend to address some of the very serious threats before us today but also the enormous potential waiting to be unleashed.

We live in a time of extraordinary opportunity. Breakthroughs in science, technology, and medicine are curing illnesses and solving problems that prior generations thought impossible to solve.

But each day also brings news of growing dangers that threaten everything we cherish and value. Terrorists and extremists have gathered strength and spread to every region of the planet. Rogue regimes represented in this body not only support terrorists but threaten other nations and their own people with the most destructive weapons known to humanity.

Authority and authoritarian powers seek to collapse the values, the systems, and alliances that prevented conflict and tilted the world toward freedom since World War II.

International criminal networks traffic drugs, weapons, people; force dislocation and mass migration; threaten our borders; and new forms of aggression exploit technology to menace our citizens.

To put it simply, we meet at a time of both of immense promise and great peril. It is entirely up to us whether we lift the world to new heights, or let it fall into a valley of disrepair.

We have it in our power, should we so choose, to lift millions from poverty, to help our citizens realize their dreams, and to ensure that new generations of children are raised free from violence, hatred, and fear.



This institution was founded in the aftermath of two world wars to help shape this better future. It was based on the vision that diverse nations could cooperate to protect their sovereignty, preserve their security, and promote their prosperity.

It was in the same period, exactly 70 years ago, that the United States developed the Marshall Plan to help restore Europe. Those three beautiful pillars — they’re pillars of peace, sovereignty, security, and prosperity.

The Marshall Plan was built on the noble idea that the whole world is safer when nations are strong, independent, and free. As President Truman said in his message to Congress at that time, “Our support of European recovery is in full accord with our support of the United Nations. The success of the United Nations depends upon the independent strength of its members.”

To overcome the perils of the present and to achieve the promise of the future, we must begin with the wisdom of the past. Our success depends on a coalition of strong and independent nations that embrace their sovereignty to promote security, prosperity, and peace for themselves and for the world.

We do not expect diverse countries to share the same cultures, traditions, or even systems of government. But we do expect all nations to uphold these two core sovereign duties: to respect the interests of their own people and the rights of every other sovereign nation. This is the beautiful vision of this institution, and this is foundation for cooperation and success.

Strong, sovereign nations let diverse countries with different values, different cultures, and different dreams not just coexist, but work side by side on the basis of mutual respect.

Strong, sovereign nations let their people take ownership of the future and control their own destiny. And strong, sovereign nations allow individuals to flourish in the fullness of the life intended by God.

In America, we do not seek to impose our way of life on anyone, but rather to let it shine as an example for everyone to watch. This week gives our country a special reason to take pride in that example. We are celebrating the 230th anniversary of our beloved Constitution — the oldest constitution still in use in the world today.

This timeless document has been the foundation of peace, prosperity, and freedom for the Americans and for countless millions around the globe whose own countries have found inspiration in its respect for human nature, human dignity, and the rule of law.

The greatest in the United States Constitution is its first three beautiful words. They are: “We the people.”

Generations of Americans have sacrificed to maintain the promise of those words, the promise of our country, and of our great history. In America, the people govern, the people rule, and the people are sovereign. I was elected not to take power, but to give power to the American people, where it belongs.

In foreign affairs, we are renewing this founding principle of sovereignty. Our government’s first duty is to its people, to our citizens — to serve their needs, to ensure their safety, to preserve their rights, and to defend their values.

As President of the United States, I will always put America first, just like you, as the leaders of your countries will always, and should always, put your countries first. (Applause.)

All responsible leaders have an obligation to serve their own citizens, and the nation-state remains the best vehicle for elevating the human condition.

But making a better life for our people also requires us to work together in close harmony and unity to create a more safe and peaceful future for all people.

The United States will forever be a great friend to the world, and especially to its allies. But we can no longer be taken advantage of, or enter into a one-sided deal where the United States gets nothing in return. As long as I hold this office, I will defend America’s interests above all else.

But in fulfilling our obligations to our own nations, we also realize that it’s in everyone’s interest to seek a future where all nations can be sovereign, prosperous, and secure.

America does more than speak for the values expressed in the United Nations Charter. Our citizens have paid the ultimate price to defend our freedom and the freedom of many nations represented in this great hall. America’s devotion is measured on the battlefields where our young men and women have fought and sacrificed alongside of our allies, from the beaches of Europe to the deserts of the Middle East to the jungles of Asia.

It is an eternal credit to the American character that even after we and our allies emerged victorious from the bloodiest war in history, we did not seek territorial expansion, or attempt to oppose and impose our way of life on others. Instead, we helped build institutions such as this one to defend the sovereignty, security, and prosperity for all.

For the diverse nations of the world, this is our hope. We want harmony and friendship, not conflict and strife. We are guided by outcomes, not ideology. We have a policy of principled realism, rooted in shared goals, interests, and values.

That realism forces us to confront a question facing every leader and nation in this room. It is a question we cannot escape or avoid. We will slide down the path of complacency, numb to the challenges, threats, and even wars that we face. Or do we have enough strength and pride to confront those dangers today, so that our citizens can enjoy peace and prosperity tomorrow?

If we desire to lift up our citizens, if we aspire to the approval of history, then we must fulfill our sovereign duties to the people we faithfully represent. We must protect our nations, their interests, and their futures. We must reject threats to sovereignty, from the Ukraine to the South China Sea. We must uphold respect for law, respect for borders, and respect for culture, and the peaceful engagement these allow. And just as the founders of this body intended, we must work together and confront together those who threaten us with chaos, turmoil, and terror.

The scourge of our planet today is a small group of rogue regimes that violate every principle on which the United Nations is based. They respect neither their own citizens nor the sovereign rights of their countries.

If the righteous many do not confront the wicked few, then evil will triumph. When decent people and nations become bystanders to history, the forces of destruction only gather power and strength.

No one has shown more contempt for other nations and for the wellbeing of their own people than the depraved regime in North Korea. It is responsible for the starvation deaths of millions of North Koreans, and for the imprisonment, torture, killing, and oppression of countless more.

We were all witness to the regime’s deadly abuse when an innocent American college student, Otto Warmbier, was returned to America only to die a few days later. We saw it in the assassination of the dictator’s brother using banned nerve agents in an international airport. We know it kidnapped a sweet 13-year-old Japanese girl from a beach in her own country to enslave her as a language tutor for North Korea’s spies.

If this is not twisted enough, now North Korea’s reckless pursuit of nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles threatens the entire world with unthinkable loss of human life.

It is an outrage that some nations would not only trade with such a regime, but would arm, supply, and financially support a country that imperils the world with nuclear conflict. No nation on earth has an interest in seeing this band of criminals arm itself with nuclear weapons and missiles.

The United States has great strength and patience, but if it is forced to defend itself or its allies, we will have no choice but to totally destroy North Korea. Rocket Man is on a suicide mission for himself and for his regime. The United States is ready, willing and able, but hopefully this will not be necessary. That’s what the United Nations is all about; that’s what the United Nations is for. Let’s see how they do.

It is time for North Korea to realize that the denuclearization is its only acceptable future. The United Nations Security Council recently held two unanimous 15-0 votes adopting hard-hitting resolutions against North Korea, and I want to thank China and Russia for joining the vote to impose sanctions, along with all of the other members of the Security Council. Thank you to all involved.

But we must do much more. It is time for all nations to work together to isolate the Kim regime until it ceases its hostile behavior.

We face this decision not only in North Korea. It is far past time for the nations of the world to confront another reckless regime — one that speaks openly of mass murder, vowing death to America, destruction to Israel, and ruin for many leaders and nations in this room.

The Iranian government masks a corrupt dictatorship behind the false guise of a democracy. It has turned a wealthy country with a rich history and culture into an economically depleted rogue state whose chief exports are violence, bloodshed, and chaos. The longest-suffering victims of Iran’s leaders are, in fact, its own people.

Rather than use its resources to improve Iranian lives, its oil profits go to fund Hezbollah and other terrorists that kill innocent Muslims and attack their peaceful Arab and Israeli neighbors. This wealth, which rightly belongs to Iran’s people, also goes to shore up Bashar al-Assad’s dictatorship, fuel Yemen’s civil war, and undermine peace throughout the entire Middle East.

We cannot let a murderous regime continue these destabilizing activities while building dangerous missiles, and we cannot abide by an agreement if it provides cover for the eventual construction of a nuclear program. (Applause.) The Iran Deal was one of the worst and most one-sided transactions the United States has ever entered into. Frankly, that deal is an embarrassment to the United States, and I don’t think you’ve heard the last of it — believe me.

It is time for the entire world to join us in demanding that Iran’s government end its pursuit of death and destruction. It is time for the regime to free all Americans and citizens of other nations that they have unjustly detained. And above all, Iran’s government must stop supporting terrorists, begin serving its own people, and respect the sovereign rights of its neighbors.

The entire world understands that the good people of Iran want change, and, other than the vast military power of the United States, that Iran’s people are what their leaders fear the most. This is what causes the regime to restrict Internet access, tear down satellite dishes, shoot unarmed student protestors, and imprison political reformers.

Oppressive regimes cannot endure forever, and the day will come when the Iranian people will face a choice. Will they continue down the path of poverty, bloodshed, and terror? Or will the Iranian people return to the nation’s proud roots as a center of civilization, culture, and wealth where their people can be happy and prosperous once again?

The Iranian regime’s support for terror is in stark contrast to the recent commitments of many of its neighbors to fight terrorism and halt its financing.



In Saudi Arabia early last year, I was greatly honored to address the leaders of more than 50 Arab and Muslim nations. We agreed that all responsible nations must work together to confront terrorists and the Islamist extremism that inspires them.

We will stop radical Islamic terrorism because we cannot allow it to tear up our nation, and indeed to tear up the entire world.

We must deny the terrorists safe haven, transit, funding, and any form of support for their vile and sinister ideology. We must drive them out of our nations. It is time to expose and hold responsible those countries who support and finance terror groups like al Qaeda, Hezbollah, the Taliban and others that slaughter innocent people.

The United States and our allies are working together throughout the Middle East to crush the loser terrorists and stop the reemergence of safe havens they use to launch attacks on all of our people.

Last month, I announced a new strategy for victory in the fight against this evil in Afghanistan. From now on, our security interests will dictate the length and scope of military operations, not arbitrary benchmarks and timetables set up by politicians.

I have also totally changed the rules of engagement in our fight against the Taliban and other terrorist groups. In Syria and Iraq, we have made big gains toward lasting defeat of ISIS. In fact, our country has achieved more against ISIS in the last eight months than it has in many, many years combined.

We seek the de-escalation of the Syrian conflict, and a political solution that honors the will of the Syrian people. The actions of the criminal regime of Bashar al-Assad, including the use of chemical weapons against his own citizens — even innocent children — shock the conscience of every decent person. No society can be safe if banned chemical weapons are allowed to spread. That is why the United States carried out a missile strike on the airbase that launched the attack.

We appreciate the efforts of United Nations agencies that are providing vital humanitarian assistance in areas liberated from ISIS, and we especially thank Jordan, Turkey and Lebanon for their role in hosting refugees from the Syrian conflict.

The United States is a compassionate nation and has spent billions and billions of dollars in helping to support this effort. We seek an approach to refugee resettlement that is designed to help these horribly treated people, and which enables their eventual return to their home countries, to be part of the rebuilding process.

For the cost of resettling one refugee in the United States, we can assist more than 10 in their home region. Out of the goodness of our hearts, we offer financial assistance to hosting countries in the region, and we support recent agreements of the G20 nations that will seek to host refugees as close to their home countries as possible. This is the safe, responsible, and humanitarian approach.

For decades, the United States has dealt with migration challenges here in the Western Hemisphere. We have learned that, over the long term, uncontrolled migration is deeply unfair to both the sending and the receiving countries.

For the sending countries, it reduces domestic pressure to pursue needed political and economic reform, and drains them of the human capital necessary to motivate and implement those reforms.

For the receiving countries, the substantial costs of uncontrolled migration are borne overwhelmingly by low-income citizens whose concerns are often ignored by both media and government.

I want to salute the work of the United Nations in seeking to address the problems that cause people to flee from their homes. The United Nations and African Union led peacekeeping missions to have invaluable contributions in stabilizing conflicts in Africa. The United States continues to lead the world in humanitarian assistance, including famine prevention and relief in South Sudan, Somalia, and northern Nigeria and Yemen.

We have invested in better health and opportunity all over the world through programs like PEPFAR, which funds AIDS relief; the President’s Malaria Initiative; the Global Health Security Agenda; the Global Fund to End Modern Slavery; and the Women Entrepreneurs Finance Initiative, part of our commitment to empowering women all across the globe.

We also thank — (applause) — we also thank the Secretary General for recognizing that the United Nations must reform if it is to be an effective partner in confronting threats to sovereignty, security, and prosperity. Too often the focus of this organization has not been on results, but on bureaucracy and process.

In some cases, states that seek to subvert this institution’s noble aims have hijacked the very systems that are supposed to advance them. For example, it is a massive source of embarrassment to the United Nations that some governments with egregious human rights records sit on the U.N. Human Rights Council.

The United States is one out of 193 countries in the United Nations, and yet we pay 22 percent of the entire budget and more. In fact, we pay far more than anybody realizes. The United States bears an unfair cost burden, but, to be fair, if it could actually accomplish all of its stated goals, especially the goal of peace, this investment would easily be well worth it.

Major portions of the world are in conflict and some, in fact, are going to hell. But the powerful people in this room, under the guidance and auspices of the United Nations, can solve many of these vicious and complex problems.

The American people hope that one day soon the United Nations can be a much more accountable and effective advocate for human dignity and freedom around the world. In the meantime, we believe that no nation should have to bear a disproportionate share of the burden, militarily or financially. Nations of the world must take a greater role in promoting secure and prosperous societies in their own regions.

That is why in the Western Hemisphere, the United States has stood against the corrupt and destabilizing regime in Cuba and embraced the enduring dream of the Cuban people to live in freedom. My administration recently announced that we will not lift sanctions on the Cuban government until it makes fundamental reforms.

We have also imposed tough, calibrated sanctions on the socialist Maduro regime in Venezuela, which has brought a once thriving nation to the brink of total collapse.

The socialist dictatorship of Nicolas Maduro has inflicted terrible pain and suffering on the good people of that country. This corrupt regime destroyed a prosperous nation by imposing a failed ideology that has produced poverty and misery everywhere it has been tried. To make matters worse, Maduro has defied his own people, stealing power from their elected representatives to preserve his disastrous rule.

The Venezuelan people are starving and their country is collapsing. Their democratic institutions are being destroyed. This situation is completely unacceptable and we cannot stand by and watch.

As a responsible neighbor and friend, we and all others have a goal. That goal is to help them regain their freedom, recover their country, and restore their democracy. I would like to thank leaders in this room for condemning the regime and providing vital support to the Venezuelan people.

The United States has taken important steps to hold the regime accountable. We are prepared to take further action if the government of Venezuela persists on its path to impose authoritarian rule on the Venezuelan people.

We are fortunate to have incredibly strong and healthy trade relationships with many of the Latin American countries gathered here today. Our economic bond forms a critical foundation for advancing peace and prosperity for all of our people and all of our neighbors.

I ask every country represented here today to be prepared to do more to address this very real crisis. We call for the full restoration of democracy and political freedoms in Venezuela. (Applause.)

The problem in Venezuela is not that socialism has been poorly implemented, but that socialism has been faithfully implemented. (Applause.) From the Soviet Union to Cuba to Venezuela, wherever true socialism or communism has been adopted, it has delivered anguish and devastation and failure. Those who preach the tenets of these discredited ideologies only contribute to the continued suffering of the people who live under these cruel systems.

America stands with every person living under a brutal regime. Our respect for sovereignty is also a call for action. All people deserve a government that cares for their safety, their interests, and their wellbeing, including their prosperity.

In America, we seek stronger ties of business and trade with all nations of good will, but this trade must be fair and it must be reciprocal.

For too long, the American people were told that mammoth multinational trade deals, unaccountable international tribunals, and powerful global bureaucracies were the best way to promote their success. But as those promises flowed, millions of jobs vanished and thousands of factories disappeared. Others gamed the system and broke the rules. And our great middle class, once the bedrock of American prosperity, was forgotten and left behind, but they are forgotten no more and they will never be forgotten again.

While America will pursue cooperation and commerce with other nations, we are renewing our commitment to the first duty of every government: the duty of our citizens. This bond is the source of America’s strength and that of every responsible nation represented here today.

If this organization is to have any hope of successfully confronting the challenges before us, it will depend, as President Truman said some 70 years ago, on the “independent strength of its members.” If we are to embrace the opportunities of the future and overcome the present dangers together, there can be no substitute for strong, sovereign, and independent nations — nations that are rooted in their histories and invested in their destinies; nations that seek allies to befriend, not enemies to conquer; and most important of all, nations that are home to patriots, to men and women who are willing to sacrifice for their countries, their fellow citizens, and for all that is best in the human spirit.

In remembering the great victory that led to this body’s founding, we must never forget that those heroes who fought against evil also fought for the nations that they loved.

Patriotism led the Poles to die to save Poland, the French to fight for a free France, and the Brits to stand strong for Britain.

Today, if we do not invest ourselves, our hearts, and our minds in our nations, if we will not build strong families, safe communities, and healthy societies for ourselves, no one can do it for us.

We cannot wait for someone else, for faraway countries or far-off bureaucrats — we can’t do it. We must solve our problems, to build our prosperity, to secure our futures, or we will be vulnerable to decay, domination, and defeat.

The true question for the United Nations today, for people all over the world who hope for better lives for themselves and their children, is a basic one: Are we still patriots? Do we love our nations enough to protect their sovereignty and to take ownership of their futures? Do we revere them enough to defend their interests, preserve their cultures, and ensure a peaceful world for their citizens?

One of the greatest American patriots, John Adams, wrote that the American Revolution was “effected before the war commenced. The Revolution was in the minds and hearts of the people.”

That was the moment when America awoke, when we looked around and understood that we were a nation. We realized who we were, what we valued, and what we would give our lives to defend. From its very first moments, the American story is the story of what is possible when people take ownership of their future.

The United States of America has been among the greatest forces for good in the history of the world, and the greatest defenders of sovereignty, security, and prosperity for all.

Now we are calling for a great reawakening of nations, for the revival of their spirits, their pride, their people, and their patriotism.

History is asking us whether we are up to the task. Our answer will be a renewal of will, a rediscovery of resolve, and a rebirth of devotion. We need to defeat the enemies of humanity and unlock the potential of life itself.

Our hope is a word and world of proud, independent nations that embrace their duties, seek friendship, respect others, and make common cause in the greatest shared interest of all: a future of dignity and peace for the people of this wonderful Earth.

This is the true vision of the United Nations, the ancient wish of every people, and the deepest yearning that lives inside every sacred soul.

So let this be our mission, and let this be our message to the world: We will fight together, sacrifice together, and stand together for peace, for freedom, for justice, for family, for humanity, and for the almighty God who made us all.

Thank you. God bless you. God bless the nations of the world. And God bless the United States of America. Thank you very much. (Applause.)



[Transcript Link]

Source: Transcript of President Donald Trump Speech To U.N. General Assembly… | The Last Refuge